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Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc. (abbreviated MGM or M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, or simply Metro) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. It is the current parent of United Artists, which became a subsidiary in 1981. In 1986, Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting System acquired MGM from Kirk Kerkorian, but due to concerns over the debt load of his companies, that same year, Turner was forced to sell MGM back to Kerkorian after approximately only 74 days of ownership. However, Turner bought most of the copyrights MGM's film and television library made prior to May 1986, which includes MGM cartoons, feature films, and some of the United Artists library, and with this massive amount of media, formed Turner Entertainment. However, some of Warner Bros.' old monogram films remain with MGM due to Turner not buying their copyrights.

Home Video Releases

MGM released "Cartoon Moviestars" VHS tapes in the mid-1980s. These were new transfers in the 1980s to replace the AAP prints for better quality of the cartoons. Of course, they only had the 16mm prints at the time so these restorations were not that great. These VHS tapes had blue borders on the opening and closing Color Rings on the cartoons. These 1980s prints were later obliterated by 1995 Turner dubbed versions, created for their dub tracks overseas. Most of these transfers had altered ending cards and most of them had better color corrections. They also had various colored borders on their opening titles, green, red, purple, blue, etc.

In 1991, MGM started releasing "The Golden Age of Looney Tunes". The first 4 volumes were duplicates of the original Associated Artists Productions prints, although some had various colored borders on opening and ending titles, some minus the AAP title, others with it intact. Because Warner Bros. created duplicate 35mm Eastmancolor prints for AAP, the first 4 volumes' transfers were unrestored and were in poor condition due to the wearing of the material that was given to AAP in 1956.

The last volume was released in 1997, featured one-shot or minor character Merrie Melodiescartoons prior to 1942, and was released after Time Warner bought Turner. Most of the cartoons on the last volume, except for two, were USA 1995 dubbed prints.

In 1999, MGM paid Time Warner/Turner $225 million to end their contract early of distributing of their former material. These rights were transferred to Warner Home Video in 1999. Starting in 2000, Warner Bros. began restoring some of their film library to release to a new generation of people. Today, around 300 Warner Bros. short subject cartoons are considered remastered and restored today on the market. The remaining 600-700 have yet to be released on DVD.[citation needed|date={{{1}}}]


Gallery

References

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