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Plagiarism



Hittin' the Trail for Hallelujah Land
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Directed By: Rudolf Ising
Produced By: Leon Schlesinger
Released: November 28, 1931
Series: Merry Melodies
Story:
Animation: Isadore Freleng
Paul J. Smith
Layouts:
Backgrounds:
Film Editor:
Voiced By:
Music: Frank Marsales
Starring: Piggy
Fluffy
Preceded By: Bosko's Soda Fountain
Succeeded By: Bosko's Fox Hunt
Hittin' The Trail For Hallelujah Land07:09

Hittin' The Trail For Hallelujah Land

Uncle Tom and the skeletons

Hittin' the Trail for Hallelujah Land is a 1931 Merrie Melodies short. The stereotypical portrayal of black characters prompted United Artists to withhold it from syndication in 1968, making it one of the infamous Censored Eleven. It was the second of two Piggy cartoons.

Plot

Steamboat Willy - Hittin' the Trail comparison

Comparison of steamboat piloting scenes in Steamboat Willie (top) and Hittin' the Trail for Hallelujah Land

The minimal storyline centers on the plucky Piggy's efforts to rescue his girlfriend and a doglike Uncle Tom from perilous predicaments and villains. A singing steamboat dances down a river while, on the deck, three blackface caricatures play the song for which the short is named on the harmonica, banjo, and bones. Meanwhile, Uncle Tom drives Fluffy toward the boat by donkey cart. The scene shifts to Piggy the riverboat captain in a sequence reminiscent of Disney's 1928 film Steamboat Willie. Fluffy joins the frolicking steamboat passengers and reunites with her boyfriend, but during the revelry, Piggy falls overboard. The pig has a run in with an alligator, but he makes it back to the boat. Meanwhile, Uncle Tom's donkey bucks him into a cemetery. There, in a variation on a stock gag featuring a superstitious black man,[1] he is scared by three dancing skeletons reminiscent of those in Disney's 1929 short The Skeleton Dance. Tom escapes to the middle of the river, but a shoddy boat leaves him stranded and drowning. Piggy saves the day but not before a vaudevillian villain kidnaps his porcine paramour. Piggy captures the villain on a passing mail hook, leaving the villain tortured over a buzz saw.  
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Distribution

Hittin' the Trail for Hallelujah Land was released in American theaters on November 28, 1931 by Warner Bros.. The cartoon's copyright expired in 1960, making it go into public domain. However, the cartoon has been withheld from USA television distribution since 1968. At that time, United Artists owned the rights to most Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons. Hittin' the Trail for Hallelujah Land and ten other cartoons were deemed to feature racist depictions of African Americans that were too integral to the films for simple cuts to make them palatable for modern audiences.[2] Because of this, the cartoon has never been released on laserdisc, home video, or DVD. This cartoon, along with 10 others, make up the Censored Eleven.

Availability

Due to being part of the Censored Eleven, this short has never received an official video release. A DVD with the Censored Eleven was planned, but was shelved indefinitely.

References

  1. Lindvall, Terry, and Ben Fraser (1998). "Darker Shades of Animation: African-American Images in Warner Bros. Cartoons". Reading the Rabbit: Explorations in Warner Bros. Animation. Rutgers University Press. page 128.
  2. http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1995/did-bugs-bunny-appear-in-a-racist-cartoon-during-world-war-ii Did Bugs Bunny appear in a racist cartoon during World War II?, The Straight Dope, February 5, 2002

External links

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